About Us
International Cooperation
Education & Training
Join Us
Societies & Publications
  Location: Home >> News
Scientists Propose A Calibration Transfer Optimized Single Kernel Near-infrared Spectroscopic Method

Recently, Prof. WU Yuejin and his colleagues in the institute developed an optimizing method to improve the prediction performance of single kernel near infrared spectroscopic analysis.

Single kernel near-infrared spectroscopy (SKNIRS) is a rapid, non-destructive, and multi-component analysis technique to detect the composition of individual crop seed in early generations. It is hopeful to be widely used in the seed breeding industry to improve the efficiency of seed breeding.

However, due to the irregular physical characteristics, the heterogeneous constituent distributions of individual seeds, and the insufficient detection accuracy of the reference chemical method, the prediction performance of SKNIRS is reduced and the application of this technology is limited.

To overcome those problems, Prof. WU and his colleagues proposed a calibration transfer optimized SKNIRS method. The calibration transfer was often used to calibrate the spectra measured on different instruments, and in this study it was innovatively applied to solve the individual seed detection. WU’s team used a calibration transfer algorithm, spectral space transformation (SST), to transfer the spectra profile of single seed into the corresponding spectra profiles of single dehusked seed and seed flour for further analysis. After the above treatments, the prediction results of seed constituent near infrared analysis models were close to or even better than those of the direct method. Therefore, it is possible that the difficulties encountered in SKNIRS are overcome by this method.

This work has been successfully applied to the detection of protein content of single rice kernels, and it is hopeful to be popularized and applied in more seed constituents and more crop seeds.

This work was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China and the Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences.

This work was published in Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy entitled A calibration transfer optimized single kernel near-infrared spectroscopic method.

The near-infrared diffuse transmission spectra of three rice forms (single rice kernel, single brown-rice kernel and rice flour) can be transferred to each other by using SST algorithm (Image by XU Zhuopin)